The once cultural capital of India, West Bengal boasts of a rich cultural heritage. Go through the article to know more about west Bengal, its geography and its rich cultural history.

West Bengal

West Bengal

A land blessed with a rich cultural heritage, West Bengal has been the epicentre of culture, trade and agriculture of India. This eastern state which boasts of diverse flora and fauna attracts plenty of tourists due to its multiplicity of customs. This fourth populous state of India covers about 34, 267 square kilometres is bordered by Assam, Sikkim and Bhutan to the northeast, Orissa to the southwest, Jharkhand and Bihar to the west, Nepal to the Northwest and Bangladesh to the east. The state which is known as the hotbed of Indian Independence movement, Bengal was divided in 1947 into two – Bengal, as a state in India and East Bengal, which joined the nation of Pakistan before being a part of present Bangladesh in 1971.

A rich and fertile agricultural land, West Bengal produces tonnes of rice and is the home to Sunderbans, the world’s largest Mangrove forest which is a heritage site by UNESCO. West Bengal was always noted for its political activism and cultural activities, for which the state earned its name, ‘cultural capital of India’. The cultural heritage of the state, apart from the folk culture includes stalwarts in literature such as RavindraNath Tagore and musicians, artists and film makers. The state also stands out in its promotion and practise of soccer, besides the national favourite cricket. Located in the eastern bottleneck of India, it is the home to hill stations which are dated back to British colonial era such as Darjeeling, Kuseong and Kalimpong. Belur math, Dakshineshwar temple, ruins of the Gaur Empire in Malda, terracotta temples of Bishnupur mesmerises the tourists who come in search of exploring the beauty of Bengal.

Facts & Figures









88,752 km2




21 degrees 38 minutes and 27 degrees 10 minutes north latitude




85 degree 50 minutes and 89 degree 50 minutes east longitude,




210 Kilometres








Differs from tropical savanna in the south to humid subtropical in the north


Spoken Languages


Bengali, Nepali and Bhutiya


Clothing Required


Light cotton, woollen


October to February (Deltas and Plains)


March to June (Delta and Plains) and September to December (Mountains)


Major Festivals


Durga Puja, Naba Borsho, Kali Puja, Dol Purnima, Rath Yatra, Saraswati Puja, Janmashtami, Muharrum,  Id-Ul-Fitr, Id-uz-zoha, Christmas


Tourist Attractions

Darjeeling, Siliguri, Sundarbans, Kolkata, Shantiniketan, Jaldhapara Wildlife Sanctuary, Victoria Memorial, Dakshineshwar and Belur Math, Digha, Bishnupur, Tipu Sultan Mosque,
Indian Museum, Darjeeling-Himalayan Railway, Kanchenjunga, Happy Valley Tea Estate, Murshidabad, Cooche Behar, Bardhaman,