Climate: Wet and Maritime Tropical
Annual rainfall: 3,107 mm
The geographical location and the close proximity to the equator make the climate of God’s own country pleasingly tropical. This beautiful and small Coastal strip is guarded by Western Ghats on the west; the result is, it is blessed with a serene and pleasant climate all through the year. The coastal regions of kerala draw plenty of tourists as they have all the probability to see sunshine and are less humid. Comparatively to other parts of India, kerala is devoid of scorching heat, thanks to the refreshing Arabian breeze which makes Kerala a suitable vacation spot for water sports and outdoor activities. The eastern highlands in Kerala which includes the Mountainous regions witness cool climate which is quite revitalizing. Kerala witness four seasons including winter, summer, south west monsoon and north east monsoon. With the average annual rainfall is high as compared to other neighbouring states, the monsoon season in kerala extends for almost four months.
Location: North of the equator between 8° 18′ and 12° 48′ north latitude and 74° 52′ and 77° 24′ east longitude.
Area: 38,863 sq.km
- In kerala, winter starts at the end of November and extends till the middle of February though even winter witness high temperature and has little difference with the summer.
- The winter in highlands is refreshingly cool with temperature falling below 10 degree Celsius. Some of the areas even witness humidity and rainfall.
- Winter is milder in kerala and you cannot see snow though mountainous regions witness mist and cold.
- Summers in Kerala begin at the end of February where the temperature begins to soar high. Low rainfall at times accompanied by thunder and lightning, high temperature and humid weather is typical of summer.
- In summer, the temperatures reach 33 degree Celsius or come down to 27 degrees while in monsoon, it dips below 18 degree Celsius. In winter, the maximum temperature would be 21 degree Celsius while minimum is 18 degree Celsius.
- Hilly areas may experience the dropping of temperature up to 10 degrees to 15 degrees.
- The onset of southwest monsoon starts in Kerala by the end of May which results in torrential rain for the next three months. It is the first state to be hit by the monsoon winds.
- During southwest monsoon, there will not be much difference in the climate as the only change will be in humidity.
- Kerala is blessed with lot of rain, of which 54% to 85% is contributed by the monsoons. The state receives about 118 inches (3,000 millimetres) of rainfall with some areas receiving more than 200 inches.
- The maximum rainfall will be received by Vaithiri and Kuttiyadi in Malabar and Peerumedu in Idukki. In Lakshadweep Islands, the rainfall will be comparatively less.
- The northern parts of kerala receive 80% of rainfall while the southern regions receive 40-50%.
- Northeast monsoon begin in kerala by October and continues till November. Also known as retreating monsoons, it is characterised by thunder and lightning with heavy rainfall of about 450-500 mm. However, these rains rarely last long. Despite the rains, the climate will remain hot and humid.
- During this time, the highest rainfall is received by Kottayam.
- This monsoon brings over 380 centimetres of rain in North and 180 centimetres in South.
- July is the month in which it rains maximum in Kerala. As per the meteorological department, it has 25 rainy days in July.
- It is in winter that kerala experiences the least amount of rain.
- The state experiences mild winds all through the year.