Weather of Haryana
It has similar weather as any other states of India lying in the northern plains. It experiences continental type of climate. Summers are extreme hot, winters being chilly and a scanty rainfall.
Annual Rainfall: Average annual rainfall 617 mm
Haryana has both semi-arid and a tropical climate. Being far-flung from the coasts and close to Thar Desert, it does not get the full share of the monsoon current seen frequently across central and east India. The maximum rain hit area is Ambala with 47.16 inches per annum, but rainfall is erratic in other areas. The temperature in Haryana is very hot in summers where the temperature vigor up to even 46°C. But on the counterpart in winter the region is quite chilly. The rainfall in the region is low-slung and unpredictable except in parts of the Karnal and Ambala districts. The monsoon period begins from mid-June and ends by September. Autumn crop and spring sowing are dependent on this season. The other is the winter rains which occur from December to February, furthering Rabi crop. The best season to stopover in this state is during the spring seasons from February to April and August to November. Light cotton clothes are recommended for the summer and woolens for the winters.
Latitude: 27°37’ to 30°35’ N
Longitude: 74°28’ and 77°36’ E
Area: 17,070 sq. miles or 44,212 Km2
The climate of Haryana is same as the other states of India lying in the northern plains. It is very hot in summer especially in May and June where the temperature reaches up to 50°C and in winters temperature shrinks as low as to 1°C during December and Januarys. The mean annual rainfall is spotted, with the Shivalik Hills region being the wettest and the Aravali Hills province being the driest. About 80% of the rainfall occurs in the monsoon season (July–September) and at times causes local flooding. Haryana is a non-coastal state in northern India. It is located between and between 74°28′ and 77°36′ E longitude and 27°39′ to 30°35′ N latitude. The altitude of Haryana diverges from 700 to 3600 ft. (200 meters to 1200 meters) above sea level. About 1,553 km2 of area is covered with forest.
- Altitude of Shivalik Hills varies between 900 to 2300 meters. These are the sources to the rivers like Saraswati, Markanda, Tangri and Gagger. Parts of Panchkula, Yamunanagar and Ambala districts.
- Ghaggar Yamuna Plain is divided into two parts – the greater one is called ‘Bangar’ and the lower ‘Khadar’. This alluvium plain is consists sand, clay, silt and hard calcareous orbs like gravel known in the neighborhood as kankar.
- Some of the haryana’s district like Sirsa and parts of Hissar, Fatehbad, Mahendergarh, Bhiwani are partially deserted and shares border with Rajasthan.
- Aravali hills are dry lop-sided hilly area.
- The river Yamuna flows along Haryana’s eastern borderline. The primeval Sarasvati River is said to have streamed from Yamuna Nagar, but it has now extinct.
- The river Ghaggar is the main seasonal river of Haryana. The Ghaggar upsurges in the external Himalayas, between the Yamuna and the Sutlej and come into Haryana near Pinjore, Panchkula district. By way of Ambala and Hissar, it stretches Bikaner in Rajasthan and runs a course of 290 miles before waning into the deserts of Rajasthan.
- The Markanda River’s previously named as Aruna. A seasonal torrent like the Ghaggar, it devises from the lower Sivalik Hills and goes into Haryana near Ambala. During monsoons, this stream surges into a raging gush notorious for its overwhelming power. The surplus water is conceded on to the Sanisa lake where the Markanda junctions the Sarasvati.
- A chief tributary is the Tangri. The Sahibi devises in the Mewat hills near Jitgarh and Manoharpur in Rajasthan. Assembling volume from about a hundred tributaries, it reaches capacious proportions, forming a broad stream around Patan and Alwar. On reaching Rohtak it branches off into two smaller streams, finally reaching the fringes of Delhi and flowing into the Yamuna River. There are three other streams in and around the Mewat hills – Indori, Kasavati and Dohan and they all flow northwards from the south.
- The flora and fauna of Haryana consists spiky, dry, deciduous forest and thorny shrubs which can be found all over the state. During monsoon, the hills are covered by carpet of grass. Mulberry, kikar, pine, shisham, eucalyptus and babul are some of the trees found here. The classes of fauna found in the state of Haryana include black buck, panther, mongoose, nilgai fox, wild dog and jackal. There are more than 300 different species of birds in Haryana.
Most land of Haryana is flat, roofed with loamy soil which is appropriate for agriculture. Haryana significantly contributed to the Green Revolution which was started in 1960. Haryana falls in the Seismic Sectors II, III & IV making low to restrained damage risk from Earthquakes. But the state emanates under the “Cyclonic Zone” creating very high damage risk.