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Weather in Himachal Pradesh

Weather in Himachal Pradesh

Climate: Semi-tropical – Semi – arctic

Annual Rainfall: 160 cm

The climate of any place is centered on its geographical factors. Himachal Pradesh being a hilly region, experiences a pleasant weather throughout the year with heavy snow fall during the winter months. Himachal is one of the best tourist destinations in the country and its weather and temperature alters with change in altitude. The best time to visit Himachal is during the months of September – March.  Like most of the other states, Himachal experiences all the three seasons with summer in the months of March – June. In the winter, the state experiences heavy snow falls with the days and nights extremely cold. After the rainy season the state seems to be filled with the lavish greenery and apples are seen everywhere. At the same time, the landslides and heavy rainfall cause destruction to life and property.  Dharamsala is the region which experiences the maximum rainfall which is about 3400 mm. Scroll further to read more about the climate of your favorite holiday spot.

Geographical Location

Location: 30″22′ and 30″12′ north latitude and between 75″47′ and 79″4′ east longitude

Area: 55,673 square km

  • Himachal Pradesh shares its borders with Jammu Kashmir in the north, Uttar Pradesh in the south east, China on the east, Haryana in the south, Uttarkhand on its southeast and with Punjab on the west. The altitudes of this state range from 350 to 7000 meters which is 1050 ft. to 21000 ft above the sea level.
  • Speaking of the physiography, Himachal Pradesh is mainly a mountainous region and is rich in the natural resources. The state is divided into three different zones such as: the outer Himalayas or the Shivaliks, inner or middle Himalayas and finally the greater Himalayas or the Alpines. The districts of Hamirpur, Kangra, Una, Bilaspur, and the lower parts of Solan, Sirmaur and Mandi are all included in the Shivaliks. Whereas, the parts of Sirmaur, Mandi and parts of Kangra, Shimla and Chamba are included in the middle region of the Himalayas. The Alpine zone comprises Kinnnaur and Pangi tehsils of Chamba and some parts of Lahaul and Spiti.

  • The Shivalik range comprises lower hills with an elevation of 600m above the sea level. These regions mainly consist of highly unconsolidated deposits that increase the rate of deforestation and erosion.
  • The lesser Himalayas have a steady rise near the Dhauladhar and the Pir Panjal ranges and is more rapid towards the south, i.e. Shimla.
  • At the foot of the Dhauladhar range is a longitudinal trough, the Kangra valley. The Dhauladhar has an elevation of nearly 4,550 meters and a rapid rise of 3,600 m above the Kangra valley. Pir Panjal which is the largest of the lesser Himalayan range subdivides near the bank of the river Sutlej from the Great Himalayan range. Across the Pir Panjal, there are a number of glaciers and several passes and Rohtang Pass (4,800 m) is one among them.
  • Some of the famous passes in the Great Himalayan ranges are Kangla (5,248 m), Bara Lacha (4,512 m), Parang (5,548 m) and Pin Parbati (4,802 m). This range run along the eastern boundary and is cut down down by Sutlej.
  • Zaskar Range is the easternmost range which separates Kinnaur and Spiti from Tibet. Its peaks range up to an elevation of 6,500 m among which the famous ones are Shilla (7,026m) and Riwo Phargyul (6,791m) which are rated as the highest peaks in this range. Also, one would find many glaciers over the Zaskar and the Great Himalayan ranges.
  • It is due to the variation in the elevation, that there are diversifications in Himachal’s climatic situations.
  • Spring season of the state is from mid-Feb to March-April. During this time, the air is cool and contains the fresh fragrance adorn the valleys, meadows and the forest slopes. The rainy season starts from the end of June and during this time the land is full of lush greenery and the springs are replenished.
  • On contrast to the Dharamshala which receives the maximum rainfall, Spiti is considered to be the dried area with a record of rainfall below 50mm as it is enclosed by high mountains on all its sides.
  • Himachal Pradesh is divided into 12 districts with 49 cities and towns and consists of a population of 6,077,248. The location of the state makes it accessible for the tourists to enjoy varieties of adventure activities like mountaineering, river rafting, ice skating, paragliding etc.
  • Himachal takes its name from the Himalayas which means ‘Land of snowy mountains’ and the great Himalayas extend up to 2,500km.