Location: Jalore, Rajasthan
Built In: Between 8th and 10th Century
Built By: Parmaras
Dynasty: Parmar Rajputs
Tags (if any):
Other names (if any): Sonagir or Golden Mount
The city of Jalore boasts of a majestic fort that is the symbol of valor & strength. There is a famous saying about this historical place; “Let the sky be torn, the earth turned upside down, let the iron armor be cut to pieces, body fighting alone, but Jalore would not surrender” which speaks a lot about the fort. The fort is said to be one of the most impregnable forts in our country. It has now become a popular tourist destination for people visiting Rajasthan. The Jalore Fort is situated on a1200 feet mountain. Named after a saint the town of Jalore was earlier called Jabalipura. The Sukri River, a tributary of the Luni River flows near the city. Maharana Pratap’s mother was from Jalore and the fort was used to keep their treasures safe. Read on further for more details.
Jalore Fort Rajasthan
History Of The Fort
The town was the pilgrim spot of the saint Jabali after whom the town was called as Jabalipur and now it is District Headquarter called Jalore. During the pre-independence era Jalore was part of the Jodhpur province of Marwar. The Paramara clan of the Agnivansha branch of the Rajputs ruled Jalore at the end of 10th century and the Jalore Fort is estimated to be built during that time. According to Kuvalyamana of Udhyothan Suri, the town was under the rule of Prathihar king VatsaRaja. After that Kumarpal ruled in 1164 when the Nadol King Arhan’s youngest son kirtipal founded the chouhan tradition in Jalore. The mountain top is called Swarngiri which gives the fort the name of Sonagir or Golden Mount. In 15th century the fort was under the control of Rathore king Rao Maldev. After that the fort was sieged by many Mughal rulers including Akbar but was returned to Jodhpur and is still part of the district.
Architectural Layout Of The Fort
The fort is at an elevation of 1200 feet on top of the Swarngiri Mountain. There is a zigzag road from the village that leads to the fort. The boundary wall is 25 feet high and 15 feet in width. There are many gates that have to be crossed to reach the fort. These gates provided security to all the treasures that were stored inside. The first gate is called Suraj Pole which has a beautiful arch. The second gate lies at a distance of half mile from the first gate and is called the Dhruv Pole. Then is the third gate called Chand Pole which as the name suggests is the most beautiful of all arches. There is a vast expanse of mountain surface between the third and fourth gate, called the Sire Pole. Inside the fort complex there are a numerous monuments and temples. The palace of king Man Singh from the Parmar Dynasty is designed with beautiful Redstone pillars. There are also two water reservoirs, a Shiv Temple, temple of goddesses Jogmaya, Amba mata, Ashapuri and Hanuman, station of Viram Dev, four Jain temples of Adinath, Mahavira, Parshvnath and Shantinath, shrine of Rehmad Ali Baba, tomb of Mallik Shah and one Mosque called Kila Masjid.
Major Battles & Events Associated With The Fort
The fort stood strong against many raging attacks from Mughal rulers like Iltutmish, Ala uddin Khilji and King Jehangir. The Battle of Jalore was fought in 1311-12 where Alauddin Khilji defeated Kanhad deo, the Rajput maharaja of Jalore. But as the Mughal ruler was going back, he was attacked and defeated by Kanhad Dev Sonigara’s armies led by Kanhad Dev’s son Biramdeo (Viramdev) and General Jaitra Deora.
In the year 1956, Rajasthan State Government’s archeological department took over the fort. Now the fort is under the Archeological Survey of India who protects and supervises restoration works.
Best Time to Visit
The city experiences extreme hot weather, so plan your trip during the months of October to March when the winters are pleasant and cool.
How To Reach
- Jalore is well connected with major cities. The city of Jalore is close to the Bhatinda-Kandla National Highway No.15. The closest bus terminal is Bhinmal Bus Stand Jujani, only 10 km from Jalore.
- Nearest Railway station is Kori Railway Station just 5 km from Jalore which is connected to many important cities in India.
- Nearest Airport is Jodhpur Airport 141 Km from Jalore.
Around The Fort
The fort also holds the shrine of King Bhoj a Sanskrit scholar and his school in Jalore is now called Topkhana. The name was given as it was used to store arms and ammunitions. You can also visit Sire Mandir known as the resting place of Pandavas. There is another fort situated 60 km from Jalore called the Fort of Kot Kasta.
Once you walk into the fort you are transported to the 10th century era resplendent with glaring white marble walls. If you have time you could also catch a glimpse of the colorful festivals held in Jalore.