History of Dadra & Nagar Haveli
Initially a Portuguese colony, Dadra and Nagar Haveli is currently a Union Territory in western India. The territory fell under the Portuguese dominion in 1779 and remained under their control till 1954. But in 1947 after India’s independence a great unrest and sense patriotism started to creep in among the natives of Dadra and Nagar Haveli and consequently they burned with a great desire to overthrow the yoke of foreign rule from the region. As a result, a movement started taking root under the aegis of the United Front of Goans (UFG) and the National Movement Liberation Organization (NMLO) which finally resulted in the freedom of Dadra and Nagar Haveli from the Portuguese dominion. The movement was also supported by the Azad Gomantak Dal and Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. Dadra and Nagar Haveli, thus, became a free nation and was later included into the republic of united India. Here are all the historical facts about the territory of Dadra & Nagar Haveli.
History of Dadra & Nagar Haveli
- The history of Dadra and Nagar Haveli starts with the defeat of the Kohli chieftains of the region in the year 1262 by the invading Rajput kings.
- The Marathas then defeated the Rajputs in the mid-18th century and conquered the region. After several conflicts between the Marathas and the Portuguese on 17th of December 1779, the Maratha Peshwa formed an alliance with the Portuguese and earned their friendship by allowing them to collect revenue from the 79 villages of Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
- On the 2nd of August, 1954 the territory earned its independence, until it was ruled by the Portuguese. On the 11th of August in the year 1961, the region was included into the Union of India as a union territory.
- After Indian independence in 1947, the residents of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and the nationalist volunteers of organizations like the United Front of Goans (UFG), the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh, the National Movement Liberation Organization (NMLO) and the Azad Gomantak Dal came together and liberated the territories of Dadra and Nagar Haveli from Portuguese rule in 1954.
- Despite of enjoying de facto independence, Dadra and Nagar Haveli was still considered internationally (by the International Court of Justice) as a territory under Portuguese possession. However the natives of the former colony sought administrative help from the Government of India. An Indian Administrative Service (IAS) officer, named Mr. K.G. Badlani, was sent there as the administrator.
- After its liberation from the Portuguese the territory from 1954 to 1961, was governed by a body called the Varishta Panchayat of Free Dadra and Nagar Haveli.
- In 1961 when Indian forces took over Goa, Daman, and Diu, Mr. Badlani was, for one day, was as designated the Prime Minister of Dadra and Nagar Haveli, and thus was empowered as Head of State, to sign an agreement with the Prime Minister of India, Jawaharlal Nehru, and formally merge Dadra and Nagar Haveli with the Republic of India as an union territory on the 11th of August.
- In August 1989 the Varishta Panchayat was dissolved and subsequently the Pradesh Council for Dadra and Nagar Haveli was established. As per the Constitutional amendments, Dadra and Nagar Haveli District Panchayat and 11 village Panchayats were constituted at all India level.
The history of the union territory of Dadra & Nagar Haveli remains obscure before the medieval times. But since the medieval period the territory has experienced an eventful journey and had been an epicenter of great turmoil for quite some time as described in the above mentioned lines. Conquered by different rulers from time to time, all of whose influence can still be witnessed in its rich cultural present.